What is Ikkat
IKKAT or Ikat, is a dyeing technique used to pattern textiles. Ikkat is created by binding yarns . The yarn is then dyed the required number of times to get the desired pattern.When the dyeing is finished, the cloth is left to dry . The finished yarn of the Ikkat fabric is blurry.
Batik and tie-dye are applied to the cloth whereas in Ikaat, the dyeing is done on the yarn and not the cloth.
That is the essential difference.
In warp ikkat only the warp yarns are dyed and in weft ikkat only the weft yarns are dyed. Double Ikkat means the warp and the weft yarns are tied and dyed before being woven.
Ikkat fabrics are produced in Japan, Indonesia,Cambodia and Malaysia .
In India it is extensively produced in Orissa(Pasupalli ), Telengana, (also known as Pochampally)and Gujarat. it is known as Patola in Gujarat. Pasupally ikkat from Orissa incorporates check designs in its patterns.