What is Temple Jewellery?
It is a type of jewellery that is popular in South India. Temple jewellery is of 2 kinds. One is made in pure gold and the other one is made with a mixture of 5 metals, gold, brass and so on.
Temple jewellery made with solid gold pieces look heavy and grand. The pendants are typically large and have the deities of gods and goddesses such as Goddess Laxmi, Shiva, Parvathy, Radha and Krishna, or Ganesha the elephant god. They can be a long necklace or a short choker.
The Temple jewellery made with 5 metals has rubies, kemp stones and pearls. The appearance is mostly in red colour. The jewellery used in Baratnatyam dance and Kuchipudi dance is commonly known as Temple jewellery.
Goldsmiths and craftsmen were employed by the royal courts to create the temple Jewellery for Royalty. The Cheras, Cholas and the Pandya Queens are said to have coveted and glamorised this form of jewellery.
Temple Jewellery Pieces
The jumki and mattal (jumka and the chains from the earring) belongs to this type of jewellery. The head adornment, also known as Maang Tikka also forms a part. The maang tikka comes in a set of two. One covers the forehead and the centre parting, while the other one has the image of the sun & the moon on either side of the parting. In addition, the ornaments for the hair, and the plait are all available.
Rakodi is worn on the back of the hair and the braid accessory is known as jadai alangaram.
Mangai Malai (mango shaped necklace) is the chunky necklace that is worn with rubies and pearls.
Vangi is an amulet.
Udyanam is hip chin or a belt that is worn to adorn the waist.
Thick bangles and bracelets complete the set.