India is rich in textiles.
Each State in India manufactures textiles that are very distinct. For example, Banarasi and Kanjivaram are pure silk fabrics made from cocoons. They are soft fabrics. While Varanasi near Kolkata is popular for Banarasi fabrics, Kanjivaram fabrics are made in Kanchipuram near Chennai. However, Tussar silk is a rough silk and is manufactured in Bihar.
Chanderi silk is a sheer variety of fabric manufactured in Chanderi, a town in Madhya Pradesh. Bandhej and Bandhani are tie & dye fabrics from Rajasthan. Patola is a form of Ikaat (tie & dye) made in Gujarat. Maharashtra is the largest manufacturer of Paithani sarees while weavers of West Bengal contribute to authentic handloom Jamdani sarees. Moreover, Uttar Pradesh (especially its capital Lucknow) is popular for its traditional Chikankari embroidery.
Fabrics are definitely fascinating. The touch and feel, the usability, the colours and designs of textiles are amazing and exciting. Artisans make use of a diverse range of fabrics in clothing, in upholstery, curtains, towels, table and bed coverings and so on. They also use them in crafts such as sewing, embroidery and quilting.
While artisans derive cotton, flax and jute from plants, silk and wool come from silkworm and goats, respectively. In fact, the synthetic fibers are nylon, acrylic and polyester.
Warp & Weft: In this technique, artisans interlace horizontal threads or yarn with vertical threads. They use this technique to produce the fabric of the desired quality. Popular Fabric shops in Delhi are
India’s textiles and apparel industry is the second-largest employer in the country.
According to a recent study, the Indian textile industry employs approx. 45 million people.